Sunday, July 19, 2009

Malaria in China

China has seen a resurgence of Malaria in recent years. "China reported about 24 million malaria cases in the 1970s, the number of cases declined to several hundred thousand by the late 1990s. However, the disease recently has "re-emerged" in China's central and southern provinces, possibly as a result of insufficient prevention work" (Global).

China suffers from Falciparum malaria which "is the most deadly among the four main types of human malaria. Although great success has been achieved since the launch of the National Malaria Control Programme in 1955, malaria remains a serious public health problem in China" (Lin). "Falciparum malaria was endemic in two provinces of China during 2004–05" (Lin). "The 'level one' areas have an annual malaria incidence of more than one case per 10,000 people, while the 'level two' regions have an annual incidence of less than one per 10,000 people" (Global).

Map provided by Travax

"Imported malaria was reported in 26 non-endemic provinces. Annual incidence of falciparum malaria was mapped at county level in the two endemic provinces of China: Yunnan and Hainan. The sex ratio (male vs. female) for the number of cases in Yunnan was 1.6 in the children of 0–15 years and it reached 5.7 in the adults over 15 years of age" (Lin).

The recent resurgence of malaria in China has prompted "China's Ministry of Health" to draft a "plan to eliminate malaria from the country by 2015" (Xinhuanet). "Central and local governments will provide funding for the malaria control programs, an unnamed official from the health ministry's disease control department said." "The plan aims to reduce malaria incidence to less than one case per 10,000 people in high-burden regions and to no cases in low-burden regions between 2010 and 2015" (Global).

Global Health Reporting. "Malaria | China Develops Nationwide Malaria Eradication Plan". 10 April 2009.

Lin, Hualiang. Liang Lu, Linwei Tian, Shuisen Zhou, Haixia Wu, Yan Bi, Suzanne C Ho, Qiyong Liu. Spatial and temporal distribution of falciparum malaria in China.

Xinhuanet. "China lays out plans to quell malaria" 10 April 2009.

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